The changing nature of work and skills in the digital age
There are jobs that 20 years ago were not imaginable, such as Virtual assistant, youtuber, app-develop.
At the same time, other jobs have almost disappeared.
The European Comisson (EU) report “The changing nature of work and skills in the digital age”, offers an evidence based analysis of the impact of technology on labour markets and skills.
The report provides new research and data for the EU on:
New technologies will reshape millions of jobs in the EU:
Digital and non-cognitive skills (communication, planning, teamwork, …) are increasingly necessary to seize emerging job opportunities:
Technology is a key driver of new forms of work:
The employment landscape is evolving differently across the EU, widening the gap between regions:
Read more: Changing nature work
According to CEDEFOP, it is expected that 90% of jobs will require some sort of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills, and today a lack of labour supply with ICT skills is a challenge in Europe with 700,000 uncovered vacancies by 2015. Furthermore, together with increasing unemployment, the gaps between supply and demand of labour remain high, while at the same time, new forms of labour (crowdfunding, crowdsourcing, time banks, on-line volunteering) are emerging.
Cedefop’s European Skills and Jobs survey has revealed that about 43% of EU adult employees recently experienced new technologies at work, such as introduction of machines and ICT systems. About seven in ten EU workers require at least moderate digital skills to do their job.
Rapid digitalisation and the spread of new technologies, such as the Internet of things, robotics and Artificial Intelligence are creating widespread disruption in EU labour markets, including a risk of job loss for some occupations due to automation.
But technological progress is also offering opportunities for marked transformation in most jobs and business models, including an increasing reliance on independent or online platform labour, improvement in skills anticipation and matching capabilities and improved diagnostics with the assistance of Big data and algorithmic decision making.
Unprecedented technological development will also impact skill needs and hence pose significant demands on both initial and continuing vocational training to enable reskilling and upskilling of individuals. As revealed by the Cedefop ESJ survey, one in five (21%) adult employees in Europe considers it very likely, and 27% moderately likely, that their skills will be outdated in the medium-term.
Sweeping technological change has raised uncertainty among workers across Europe. Some forecasts predict that nearly half of all jobs in advanced economies may potentially be automated, and 72% of EU citizens fear that robots may ‘steal people’s jobs’. Cedefop’s European skills and jobs survey has added detail to the theories: 43% of adult workers across the EU reported that the technologies they use in the workplace have changed in the past five years, while 47% saw changes in their working methods or practices.
“Artificial or human intelligence?” is a Cedefop´s research which shows that automation and artificial intelligence do not necessarily destroy, but rather transform jobs. People, businesses and labour markets will have to adapt and acquire new skills, enabling them to cooperate with machines.
Education and training provision will have to offer ‘robot-compatible’ skills and competences, blending specific occupational skills with key competences such as entrepreneurship and learning to learn. Political decision makers must determine how to frame this continuing transformation, ensuring that nobody is left behind as new work methods are introduced.
Read more: Artificial or human intelligence
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